Spondylosis is a general term used to describe the degenerative changes that occur in the spine as a person ages. These changes can include the development of osteoarthritis, herniated discs, and spinal stenosis, among others.

Spondylosis is a normal part of aging and can occur as a result of wear and tear on the spine over time. It is not considered a disease, but rather a condition that can cause pain and discomfort in some people.

1. Stiffness in the neck and back

2. Pain in the arms and shoulders Also in lower back and legs

3. Difficulty moving the neck and back

4.Headaches and dizziness

Sometimes, the condition develops into cervical myelopathy and shows up as:

1. Numbness and tingling in the limbs when the nerve is pinched

2. Loss of bladder and bowel movement (Cauda Equina syndrome)

3. Lack of coordination

4. Difficulty walking

5. Difficulty in balancing

6. Weakness in hands and foot muscles.
1. Bone and muscle degeneration

2. Disc generation: This causes bone spurs that add friction to spinal movements.

3. Poor posture and sitting incorrectly.

4. Spinal injury or partial disc dislocation.

5. Sedentary lifestyle.
Medical history: Your doctor will ask about your symptoms, including when they started, their severity, and what makes them better or worse. They may also ask about your overall health, including any other conditions or injuries you may have had in the past.

Physical examination: Your doctor will perform a physical examination to assess your back, hips, and other joints for signs of pain, stiffness, and limited mobility. They may also test your reflexes, sensation, and muscle strength to rule out nerve compression or other related conditions.

Imaging tests: Your doctor may order X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or computed tomography (CT) scans to help diagnose spondylosis and rule out other conditions. These tests can help identify changes in the spinal bones, such as degeneration or compression, and help determine the severity of the condition.

It's important to keep in mind that a definitive diagnosis of spondylosis can sometimes be challenging, and the process may involve multiple visits to the doctor and additional tests. However, with a proper diagnosis, you and your doctor can develop an effective treatment plan to manage your symptoms and improve your overall health.