Kyphosis is a medical condition characterized by an excessive outward curvature of the spine, causing a humpback appearance. It can occur in any part of the spine, but it most commonly affects the upper back. Kyphosis can be caused by a variety of factors, including poor posture, osteoporosis, spinal tumors, and congenital conditions.

The severity of kyphosis can vary, and in some cases it may not cause any symptoms. However, in severe cases it can lead to back pain, headaches, and difficulty breathing. Treatment for kyphosis depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition. In some cases, treatment may involve physical therapy, bracing, or surgery.

If you are experiencing symptoms of kyphosis, it is important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Recurring back pain Loss of flexibility and stiffening of the spine

Muscle fatigue and feelings of weakness

In rare cases, nerve compression can cause loss of control over bladder and bowel movements, loss of sensation, and so on

Osteoporosis, which causes bone loss and weakening, can result in crushing of the vertebrae, or compression fractures

Normal disk degeneration that occurs with age can exacerbate kyphosis

Kyphosis may be caused by a rare condition that develops just before puberty, called Scheuermann's disease. The condition primarily affects boys.

In some cases, kyphosis can result from prenatal developmental problems that prevent proper spinal bone formation.

Spine cancer can cause severe weakening of the vertebrae, increasing the risk of compression fractures and bone damage. This can cause or exacerbate kyphosis symptoms.
Physical examination: Your doctor will examine your spine and assess the curvature, as well as any pain or tenderness you may be experiencing.

Medical history review: Your doctor will ask about your symptoms, as well as your medical history, including any previous back injuries or surgeries.

X-rays: X-rays can help your doctor visualize the spine and determine the severity and location of the curvature.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): An MRI can provide more detailed images of the spine and any surrounding soft tissues, such as muscles and ligaments.

Computed Tomography (CT) scan: A CT scan can provide detailed images of the bones in the spine and help identify any underlying structural problems.