The gel-like substance inside the vertebrae that absorbs any shock from impact loses its shape and position, leading to disc bulge. 35% of back-pain patients suffer from disc-bulge or disc degeneration and most of them are affected in the lower back. Read more about back and neck conditions among adolescents and young adults here.

A bulging disc might not cause any pain or give any symptom as it may not have reached a certain severity level and this might make it difficult to identify the condition before it shows up any symptom. However, when the disc gets pressed against a spinal nerve root, one may experience symptoms like pain, tingling, numbness, or muscle weakness. The symptoms of bulging discs vary according to the severity of the bulge and the affected level of your spine.

Neck and lower back pain that persists for a long time. Continuous sharp pain in a specific area in the back.

Pain that radiates to your buttocks, thighs, knees, and feet. This may be a result of nerve endings being pressurized at the lower spine.

Back pain when coughing or sneezing Cramps, or spasms There is numbness or tingling in the legs or in hands, along with muscular weakness.
Aging: As we age, the discs in our spine naturally start to wear down and lose their height, leading to a higher risk of bulging.

Repetitive movements: Certain activities, such as heavy lifting, twisting, or repetitive bending, can put extra stress on the discs in your spine and increase your risk of developing a bulging disc.

Poor posture: Maintaining poor posture over a long period of time can also put extra stress on your discs, leading to a bulge.

Degenerative conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as osteoporosis or arthritis, can weaken the discs in your spine and increase your risk of bulging.

Trauma: A traumatic injury, such as a fall or car accident, can cause the discs in your spine to bulge.
Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help to strengthen the muscles that support your back and improve your posture, reducing the stress on your discs.

Pain medication: Over-the-counter pain medication, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help to relieve pain and reduce inflammation associated with a bulging disc.

Chiropractic care: Chiropractic adjustments can help to realign the spine and reduce the pressure on the affected disc.

Ice or heat therapy: Applying ice or heat to the affected area can help to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.

Epidural steroid injections: In some cases, an epidural steroid injection may be recommended to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.

Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to relieve the pressure on the affected nerve roots.

It is important to work with your doctor to determine the best treatment plan for your specific situation. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be recommended for optimal results.